When the doctor has determined it necessary for surgery, many patients are overcome with a certain amount of anxiety. Many patients and families often have many questions; however they should not be afraid to discuss these with their doctor. Pre surgery instructions are given to not only make the surgery as safe as possible, but also to improve the outcome and decrease the risk of complications. The following list will provide a series of information on how to prepare for a surgery.
When the surgeon explains the details of your surgery, he will mention the risks and benefits of the operation. Your surgeon will then ask you to sign a consent form, which will authorize them to proceed with the surgery as discussed.
Time of Surgery
Patients will be told in advance the time of their surgery. However, outpatients will not be told what time to come to the hospital until the day before.
Tests and Examinations
Prior to surgery, there may need to be a series of tests done including physical examinations and discussions about your medical history.
It will be necessary to meet with an anesthesiologist prior to your surgery in order to determine the best anesthetic for you. It is important to discuss, at this time, any allergies, if you take any medication, if you have previously had anesthesia, or if you or any family members have any known issues with anesthetic.
If it is necessary to remove body hair from the area involved in the surgery, the staff at the hospital will remove it for you before surgery. However, you may be told otherwise at an earlier time.
In order to help improve your breathing and circulation, it is recommended to stop smoking at least 24 hours prior to your surgery.
Food and Fluids
When receiving general anesthesia, patients must refrain from eating or drinking anything for at least eight hours prior to surgery. However, it is also recommended to avoid taking anything by mouth, including water, beginning at midnight the night before surgery.
Exercises to Prevent Complications
A simple exercise such as deep breathing and leg exercises may help post-surgery is general anesthesia is taken.
It is imperative that you have a good night's sleep the night before surgery in order for your body to be well rested for surgery.
DAY OF SURGERY
Bathing and Personal Belongings The morning of your surgery, you should bathe as usual, however do not use any creams, powders, makeup or deodorant. Teeth should be brushed, as long as you do not swallow any water. Ensure you empty your bladder immediately prior to your surgery.
Unless instructed to do so, it is important to not take your daily medication before surgery. You may receive a medical injection in preparation for your surgery, after which it is recommended you remain in bed.
As you approach the operating room, you will arrive in a holding room where you may be asked your name, your surgery, and the body part being operated on. You may be given an intravenous needle in your vein in order to receive fluids during surgery. Once you are admitted into the operating room, you will be helped onto the operating table, your blood pressure will be taken and an oxygen mask may be placed over your face. You will receive your general anesthetic at this time if you have been scheduled to receive it.
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